EGD Specialist

Gastrointestinal Medicine Associates

Gastroenterologists located in Fairfax, VA & Reston, VA

If you struggle with symptoms like nausea and indigestion that never seem to get better, you may need an EGD to learn the source of your problems. The board-certified physicians at Gastrointestinal Medicine Associates in Fairfax and Reston, Virginia, perform this diagnostic procedure to examine and treat conditions affecting your upper gastrointestinal tract. Call the nearest office today to learn more about EGD or to schedule an exam and get help for your symptoms.

EGD Q&A

What is an EGD?

EGD stands for esophagogastroduodenoscopy, but it’s better known as an upper GI endoscopy. An EGD is a procedure to examine and treat your upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract. The upper GI tract includes your esophagus, stomach, and duodenum, which is the first part of your small intestine.

Why would I need an EGD?

Your provider may recommend an EGD to determine the cause of symptoms such as indigestion, nausea, upper abdominal pain, difficulty swallowing, and bleeding in the GI tract.

These are a few examples of the conditions that are frequently diagnosed during an EGD:

  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Gastric or duodenal ulcers
  • Esophageal varices (large veins)
  • Barrett’s esophagus
  • Infections
  • Ulcers
  • Tumors
  • Gastritis
  • Hiatal hernia
  • Crohn’s disease

You may also need an EGD if your provider suspects you have an esophageal stricture or narrowing that blocks food from reaching your stomach.

How do I prepare for an EGD?

Before your EGD, the team at Gastrointestinal Medicine Associates talks with you about how to prepare for the procedure. It’s important to have an empty stomach, so you’ll need to fast for about six hours before your scheduled appointment.

They also review your medical history, talk about any medication allergies, and get a complete list of the medications you take. You may need to adjust your usual dose of some medications before your EGD.

What happens during an EGD?

Your provider at Gastrointestinal Medicine Associates sprays your throat with a local anesthetic and gives you a sedative to help you relax. After they insert a mouthguard to protect your teeth, you lie on your side while they gently guide the narrow, flexible endoscope through your mouth, esophagus, stomach, and duodenum.

The endoscope is equipped with lighting and a video camera that sends magnified images to a monitor. As your provider guides the tube through your upper GI tract, they examine the structures and diagnose and treat problems.

What procedures are done during an EGD?

During your EGD, your provider performs procedures by inserting specialized instruments through the endoscope. 

They may:

  • Take a biopsy
  • Remove polyps and tumors
  • Eliminate blockages
  • Stop bleeding from ulcers or varices
  • Place a feeding or drainage tube
  • Dilate the esophagus

Esophageal dilatation is done by passing a small balloon through the endoscope. Inflating the balloon opens up a narrowed area in your esophagus.

To learn more about EGD or to schedule an appointment, call Gastrointestinal Medicine Associates today.